Properties of Grouted Soil, Rock And Building Material
During pressure grouting of PU grouting resins into soil, rock mass or fissured or defected constructions, new specific materials are formed. These materials have the properties of composite material and, taking into account their components character, are referred to as geocomposites. In rocks or constructions the grouted environment contains discontinuities. The geocomponent of the formed geocomposite is formed by blocks of the rock (or masonry), which are defined by combination of bedding surfaces, metamorphic foliation, fissures, etc. In soil, two basic types of geocomposites are formed by PU grouting: in case of non cohesive soil (sand-gravel), the geo-component of the geocomposite is built by solid grains or their aggregations of various size and shape. These contain grains of minerals and rocks, organic particles (shells of organisms, wood, carboniferous parts of plants and others) or parts of constructions (building material, metals, ash and others). In case of cohesive soil (clay, claystones, or siltstones), the geo-component of the geocomposite is formed by blocks of soil penetrated by a net of so called claquage fissures (fissures caused by hydraulic fracturing during the grouting), which are filled with the binding material. The binding material is represented in these geocomposites by hardened organic or organicmineral PU resin with various degree of foaming. Penetration of the grouting media through the inhomogeneous environment, and thus also the resulting properties of the formed geocomposite, is influenced by many factors. In case of geocomposites of PU resin – rock (soil) and PU resin – building material, the following factors have primary effect.